Types of Child Pornography

The general definition of child pornography is that it refers to images or films depicting sexually explicit activities involving a child. Basically it is a visual record of child sexual abuse. Abuse of the child occurs when there has been a sexual act which has been photographed in the production of child pornography, and the effects of the abuse on the child are compounded by the wide distribution and lasting availability of the photographs of the abuse. This could last until or reach beyond the time that the child reaches the age of majority. However, legal definitions of child pornography generally refer to a wider range of material, including any pornography involving a minor, or in some cases non-abusive acts involving participants over the age of consent. The legal definition also includes fictional images of children that have been created by someone. The legal definition reaches beyond the general definition because it doesn’t just include actual/physical sexual abuse of a child, but it includes other means of child pornography.

There are two types of child pornography episodes that involve juveniles. The first is the juvenile victim pornography offense which primarily includes the production of child pornography and the second is the pornography offenses with child exploitation which include those that had no identifiable juvenile victim (ex. possession and distribution). They are both very serious offenses because people don’t need to think that it is okay to become sexually gratified by an image of a child or by sexually abusing a real life child. Possession and distribution is hard to track because of the computer users privacy rights which are afforded to them by the Constitution. Also, if people possess and distribute child porn then it could lead to people wanting to act out the fantasies in the real world by sexually abusing a real child. Both issues are intertwined which is why they both need to be dealt with on a legal level.

There are many different kinds of child pornography materials, made available through a variety of media, but essentially they involve depicting a child or children in a manner that is intended to aid sexual arousal and gratification. Child pornography exploits children in many different ways. Children may be physically forced or coerced to engage in making it. This involves direct sexual abuse and exploitation. Pornographic images of children are often copied multiple times and may remain in circulation for many years; the victim continues to be subjected to humiliation or blackmail long after the image has been made. This can be very psychologically damaging to the victim. The actual abuser of the child is not the only bad person, because the person viewing the images of the child abuse should be considered an abuser as well. The person watching the child abuse is seeking sexual gratification from the victimization of a child which keeps the person making the video in business so they should be held liable whether or not they make pornography and whether or not they seek sex with children.

The internet increases the serious violence that children are being exposed too because it makes it easier to distribute the child pornography. Chat rooms are more often used to make contact with children. The children frequently believe that they chat with a child of the same age and are asked to meet them or to do pornographic performances in front of the webcam. The child does not have the mental state to consent, so the person who is asking them to perform should be held liable and criminally sanctioned. Digital cameras, webcams and scanners have made it easier to manufacture child pornography and carry out live child abuse. As a result of relatively easy and supposedly anonymous access, more people who might not be defined technically as paedophiles or preferential abusers are said to be viewing, trading, downloading and keeping online child pornography. And the new technology is also facilitating the development and reach of well-organised networks of child sex abusers who also produce and distribute child pornography. Basically, the internet is an incentive for the child pornographers to distribute and posses child pornography.

Child pornographers are becoming more advances through the advancements of technology which make it easier to distribute child pornography. Through one technique called “morphing,” child pornographers can transform scanned images of adult models into pornographic images of children. Child pornographers can also use techniques such as 3-D modeling to design computer images that are almost indistinguishable from photographs. While the best results are achieved using expensive programs and hardware (such as those used by motion picture studios), inexpensive personal computer programs allow for the creation of increasingly realistic virtual pornography. Even though the original photo was not of a child the person looking at the photo should still be held liable under the criminal law because they intended to look at a child. Also, computer-savvy pedophiles can scan innocent pictures of children into their home computers and use graphics software to remove the children’s clothing and arrange the children into sexual positions. Similarly, they can use this technology to superimpose the face of a child onto a sexually explicit photograph of an adult, making it appear that the child is engaged in sexual acts It is going to be difficult to address all of the different types of child pornography and types of distributing, but it needs to be handled by the lawmakers because it is extremely serious and dangerous for children.

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~ by demetreastewart on November 5, 2009.

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